Auto-immune diseases

An auto-immune disease is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks ist own healthy cells by mistake. Normally, the immune system can differenciate between foreign cells and own cells. When having an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakes part of the body, e.g. joints, skin or organs as foreign. The immune system than releases proteins, so called antibodies that then attack healthy cells.
Most autoimmune diseases cause inflammation and can affect many parts of the body. However some autoimmune diseases target only one organ. One example is type 1 diabetes which damages the pancreas. Other diseases affect the whole body, like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

The main auto immune diseases are:
Rheumatoid arthritis
• Type 1 diabetes
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
• Lupus erythematosus (lupus)
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

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